On October 26, the reporter learned from the on-site exchange meeting of methyl bromide substitution performance and soil disinfection technology held by the Ministry of Agriculture in Anqiu, Shandong Province. Linghe Town, Anqiu City, as a project demonstration area, specializes in organizing socialized services. Mode, the first to complete the local ginger methyl bromide elimination, more than 98% of ginger farmers use chloropicrin for soil fumigation treatment, reduce pesticide use by more than 50%, reduce fertilizer use by 15%, crop yield increased by more than 30%, ginger The average yield per mu has reached more than 18,000 kg. Researcher Cao Yucheng of the Institute of Plant Protection of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences told the reporter that the application of “the establishment and promotion of the socialized service model of chloropicrin soil fumigation” and the “integrated prevention and control technology of ginger soil-borne diseases” have avoided farmers.
The direct use of high-toxic pesticides guarantees public safety and agricultural product quality and safety, and promotes the development of high-yield and high-efficiency agriculture. Experts agree that the achievement has reached the international advanced level. The formed agricultural socialization service system, which is guided by the government, supported by science and technology, led by enterprises, participated by farmers, and promoted by the association system, has enhanced farmers’ awareness of environmental protection and the enthusiasm for soil disinfection. Wu Xiaochun, deputy director of the Agricultural Ecology and Resource Conservation Station of the Ministry of Agriculture, believes that the replacement of compliance with methyl bromide not only demonstrates China’s commitment to the international community, but also establishes a soil disinfection technology with the goal of scientifically preventing and controlling soil-borne diseases and insect pests. The system provides environmentally-friendly plant protection technology support for the green development of high-efficiency economic crops, and achieves a new situation of sustainable implementation, farmers’ income and industrial green development. The methyl bromide phase-out project in the agricultural industry has achieved fruitful results in the past ten years. The Ministry of Agriculture’s Pesticide Testing Institute and the National Agricultural Technology Promotion Center have provided strong support for the registration of methyl bromide substitutes, the screening of alternative drugs and the improvement and improvement of the application machinery. Guidance; the competent agricultural authorities at all levels in Shandong Province have been brave enough to innovate and take multiple measures to create a successful example of safe management of highly toxic pesticides; the technical support institutions based on the Plant Protection Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences have screened and improved the suitable methyl for China. Bromine replacement technology provides a strong technical guarantee for the completion of compliance tasks.
The meeting requested that in the future, the agricultural departments of all localities should not forget their initial intentions, move forward, strengthen the promotion and promotion of methyl bromide replacement technology and application models, and transform the soil disinfection technology from environmental protection technology to the leading technology of green development in the agricultural industry. Establish a healthy soil disinfection market mechanism, strengthen the supporting role of compliance results on the green development of agriculture, promote the steady and rapid development of the soil fumigation market, and serve the rural revitalization strategy. It is necessary to further strengthen cooperation in policies, technologies, and services, continuously enrich the types of alternatives and the technical means of prevention and control of soil-borne diseases, and carry out comprehensive prevention and control technology research and development and model demonstration to ensure the sustainable promotion and application of compliance results. It is reported that the methyl bromide phase-out project in the agricultural industry is one of the important activities of the Chinese government to implement the Montreal Protocol. After ten years of hard work and unremitting efforts, the agricultural industry has successfully eliminated 890 tons of methyl bromide. Commitment to compliance, and clearly banned the application of methyl bromide in agricultural production in China from January 1, 2019.